scientific literacy

Franco Abbatessa

 

Species Report

 

We all know the cute, cuddly, and fluffy animal that is always seen in kids movies or even some shows with a height of 2-3 feet at the shoulders and a length of 4-7 feet from there nose to tip of their tail. The males have a weight between 150-300 pounds if they are exceptionally large males they are between 500-600 pounds.  The animal that I choose is the Black Bear or Urus Americanus. The American black bear is a medium sized bear native to North America, but also has some species in Asia and Korea. It is the smallest of the bear species.     The black bear is the Animal kingdom. They have a very wide spread family that includes the brown bear, polar bear, giant panda, sloth bear, spectacled bear, and the cave bear.  Black bears are Native in Maine but they are starting to be introduced into new places, so they can be safe and not have to worry about them dying off because there are only 22,000 bears which is one of the most prosperous black bear populations.  In Maine they are talking about how the Black bears have come into human contact a lot more lately. It’s because they have gone through the trashs that we put out to get more food. So Maine has implanted some regulations to make sure that you take care of solid waste and don’t leave anything uncovered or else they will find the food. They are hunters and gatherers they can track food easily and get what they want due to there size. Some threats are that they are hunted on the occasion not that often because Maine has a specific season for hunting certain animals at certain seasons. A physical description of a Black Bear is a shaggy black furred and large with a short tail and the body and legs are short with a broad head and rounded ears.  The habitat that they like to live in are primarily forested areas with a lot ground vegetation, but the northern black bears can be found in the cold areas and fields and meadows. For Maine black bears the majority of them live in the northern parts of Maine almost never will they ever be in southern parts of Maine. The sources of food vary based upon where they live but black bears live a predominantly grasses, roots, berries, and insects. They also do eat fish and mammals, and what’s kind of funny is now they’ve developed a taste for human foods and garbage.  Based on the Black bears diet they help the ecosystems because of their effects on insects and fruits populations. Whenever they eat plants some plants that they help disperse the seeds of the plants they eat and consume large numbers of colonial insects and moth larvae. They can kill small and large mammals such as rabbits and deer which other organisms can feed off of after they kill them.  For the way that they mate they will spend days or months with a female bear before actually mating. The typical mating season for black bears is in June and July.  The average female produces cubs every two years. What months they mate in depends on where they live.  A female can have up to five cubs every 2 years. The females give birth to two or three blind, helpless cubs in the mid-winter and nurse them in the den until spring, when all are looking for food the cubs will stay with the very protective and aggressive mother for two years.  The way that humans interact with this animal is that they’re scared or they try to hunt it but the actual animal wants nothing to do with us they are normally shy, and retiring animals they don’t really have a desire to interact with humans. Black bears almost never attack humans they usually make fake charges, making noises, and swatting at the ground. The scientific paper I wrote is to be an informant for people on black bears more importantly Maine black bears and how they play a role in Maine. My paper found that the Maine black bear is living a pretty good life it’s not really bothered where they live because it’s very north where there is mostly woods and not really people. The only time that the bears are in trouble is when they wonder into civilization and when it’s hunting season. Most people don’t know that black bears have short claws that allow them to climbs trees.  Most black bears do not have the large hump that grizzly bears have. Urus Americanus isn’t just black it has many color varieties.   This is my scientific report on Urus Americanus or black bears more specifically the Maine black bear.

 

Website:  https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=202387#null April 4,2019

This website will help me figure out how my animal is classified. It will also be able to help me find out the specifics behind the black bear.

 

Book: Macdonald D, Year of publication, The Encyclopedia Of Mammals, Place of publication. Pgs 94-95.

This source is reliable because it will give me all the background knowledge I need to know about black bears. It will help me know all the height, weight, habitat, and all the basic things I need to know about them.

 

Journal:  Loosen AE, Morehouse AT, Boyce MS. 2019. Land tenure shapes black bear density and abundance on a multi-use landscape. Ecology and Evolution. 9(1):73-89

 

This article is reliable because it shows how the capturing of black bears affects the wildlife and the habitats they live in. It could help me talk about how the killing or taking of the bears affects the other organisms.

 

Magazine:  Linskey A. 2013. A junk-food ban for bears. Bloomberg Businessweek: 1.

 

This source is reliable because it actually talks about the problems with Maine black bears in Maine and if they should do something about it. They talk about the problems with there diet living in the Maine community.

 

Other two sources:    Seger RL, Servello FA, Cross RA, Keisler DH. Body mass and mast abundance influence foraging ecology of the american black bear (Ursus americanus) in Maine. Can J Zool 2013;91(7):512-22

 

It is a reliable source because it can help answer some questions about the general questions I want to answer for my animal. Like the hibernation aspect and also the food they eat and how they interact with other organisms.

 

Mahoney SP, Virgl JA, Mawhinney K. 2001. Potential mechanisms of phenotypic divergence in body size between newfoundland and mainland black bear populations. Can J Zool 79(9):1650-60.

This is a good source because it can tell me about the mating cycle and all the stuff about the offspring. It can also help me compare them to the females and all that stuff.

 

Racism at une.

  • Ranked 2,242 in ethnic diversity in the country.
  • Alliance
  • Black student union
  • Cultural council
  • Maine is trying to get a more young crowd by helping pay student loans when you graduate
  • Muslim students
  • Relay for life.
  • Me personally I help coach special olympic teams to build upon some changes in the university i almost advertise the school. To all my friends in high school i tell them about my school
  • United multicultural club
  • The coaches of the team could help us by branching out. They also treat all the kids of color differently than everyone else.  We have a very old coach on the team who is a old school coach. He wasn’t accepting of color in his time.
  • Having a predominantly white university scares away the people of color because they think there is racism.
  • Most students that go here that are african american usually don’t finish school here. They end up transferring.
  • We also don’t have teachers of color which is also probably pushing people away.

 

In order to end racism or to at least help it stop at UNE we need promote some good things that the university is doing to help it. As of right now UNE is ranked 2,242 in diversity in the country which is pretty bad for trying to get diversity into the University. Also it was also brought to my attention that combining portland campus and Biddeford campus the whole university is 12% African American which is very low, but also based on the history of the University almost all the African American students that come to the school end up transferring or dropping out. The school also isn’t helping itself out based on looking around and being around campus we have no African American professors as far as I know at least.  One way that I think that could help is finding a way to be able to make the school more welcoming to that type of crowd, but most people assume that because the school is in Maine that it has a lot of rednecks or racist people due to how country Maine can be sometimes.  This could include recruiting people in order to change some of the diversity.  Another way that could help is the sports teams. With the sports teams the only teams with diversity in them are the football team, and the basketball teams. People have noticed that the women’s teams have no diversity at all which isn’t exactly helping out. The part of coaching that needs to be fixed is that they need to not go based upon what they think is best for the team or the stereotype that African American athletes are the most athletic ones and that the white athletes are the more intelligent ones. Most coaches look into recruiting character or can help the family and sometimes it can make them shy away from the kids who can come from tough places because they’re used to relying on no one but themselves or they could have behavioural issues which personally I find the issue with young coaches or some coaches who have came from places without kids like that. In order to help the other teams is to branch out and take some risks or try to help some of them get out of there situation.  Bring together the team as a whole without the coaches and have some guys go up and talk about some racist stuff that has happened to them during a sporting event in order to get a reaction from the teammates. So the team can come together and eventually want to do something about in order to help our brothers. Doing this could make people start to talk. With the strong ties aspect would be with his teammates and the ability to say something as a whole team or family and not just an individual is a lot more powerful. Then the strong ties could tell there other strong ties such as their parents. Ultimately causing a chain reaction the parents could tell other parents or even come to together and say something to the school which makes them act upon the issue. The sense of having that chain reaction in the weak ties to make something bigger than it actually is huge when your trying to get rid of problem as big as racism. In Kyle Kovers piece when he talks about what happened to Thabo he then immediately goes to the Jazz front office and asks if the whole team can sit down and talk about these issues in Utah so that they can resolve them. For instance with Russell Westbrook the fan who proceeded to yell racist stuff to him got kicked out of the game and band from the arena for life. The Jazz have a history of having a very racist atmosphere in which players are racially profiled a lot. Kyle and teammate Donovan Mitchell decided to speak about it as a team and a organization so that the players wouldn’t have to deal with it anymore. Kover also says that if you buy his jersey or come to see a game or anything like that just know what comes along with having my jersey or coming to a Jazz game.

 

essay end racism

In order to end racism or to at least help it stop at UNE we need promote some good things that the university is doing to help it. As of right now UNE is ranked 2,242 in diversity in the country which is pretty bad for trying to get diversity into the University. Also it was also brought to my attention that combining portland campus and Biddeford campus the whole university is 12% African American which is very low, but also based on the history of the University almost all the African American students that come to the school end up transferring or dropping out. The school also isn’t helping itself out based on looking around and being around campus we have no African American professors as far as I know at least.  One way that I think that could help is finding a way to be able to make the school more welcoming to that type of crowd, but most people assume that because the school is in Maine that it has a lot of rednecks or racist people due to how country Maine can be sometimes.  This could include recruiting people in order to change some of the diversity.  Another way that could help is the sports teams. With the sports teams the only teams with diversity in them are the football team, and the basketball teams. People have noticed that the women’s teams have no diversity at all which isn’t exactly helping out. The part of coaching that needs to be fixed is that they need to not go based upon what they think is best for the team or the stereotype that African American athletes are the most athletic ones and that the white athletes are the more intelligent ones. Most coaches look into recruiting character or can help the family and sometimes it can make them shy away from the kids who can come from tough places because they’re used to relying on no one but themselves or they could have behavioural issues which personally I find the issue with young coaches or some coaches who have came from places without kids like that. In order to help the other teams is to branch out and take some risks or try to help some of them get out of there situation.  Bring together the team as a whole without the coaches and have some guys go up and talk about some racist stuff that has happened to them during a sporting event in order to get a reaction from the teammates. So the team can come together and eventually want to do something about in order to help our brothers. Doing this could make people start to talk. With the strong ties aspect would be with his teammates and the ability to say something as a whole team or family and not just an individual is a lot more powerful. Then the strong ties could tell there other strong ties such as their parents. Ultimately causing a chain reaction the parents could tell other parents or even come to together and say something to the school which makes them act upon the issue. The sense of having that chain reaction in the weak ties to make something bigger than it actually is huge when your trying to get rid of problem as big as racism. In Kyle Kovers piece when he talks about what happened to Thabo he then immediately goes to the Jazz front office and asks if the whole team can sit down and talk about these issues in Utah so that they can resolve them. For instance with Russell Westbrook the fan who proceeded to yell racist stuff to him got kicked out of the game and band from the arena for life. The Jazz have a history of having a very racist atmosphere in which players are racially profiled a lot. Kyle and teammate Donovan Mitchell decided to speak about it as a team and a organization so that the players wouldn’t have to deal with it anymore. Kover also says that if you buy his jersey or come to see a game or anything like that just know what comes along with having my jersey or coming to a Jazz game.

 

Kyle Kover

  • Where in Korver’s essay do you see strong ties at work? Weak ties?

Kyle’s weak ties are the fans and the other players who agree with him but choose not to speak out like he did. Kyle’s strong ties are his teammates and the organization he plays and his platform.

  • What social habits is Korver working to shed? Which is he working to acquire?            He is trying to shed his personal habit of when Thabo got in trouble to immediately ask himself “what was Thabo doing out at a club on a back-to-back??” Instead of wanting to ask himself if his friend is ok and if he did anything wrong or needs help.  He wants to acquire a sense of responsibility in the world and to have people be held more accountable to what they are doing and saying. 

 

  • How is he going about doing this habit-changing work? In what ways are his strong and weak ties helping him in his work to change?           

It’s changing his work in a way where he puts a lot of others first and makes into a problem to be fixed by the people.  His strong ties are helping by speaking up and addressing the issues after games and to hold the talks like the Jazz do. His weak ties keep sharing the information across to like a global scale so everyone knows what happened to Russ.

  • How would sociologist Doug McAdam (discussed in Duhigg) explain Korver’s first reaction to the news that NYC police had arrested his teammate, Thabo Sefolosha, and broken his leg?

His first reaction was to ask why instead how and what. He immediately blamed Thabo before he even the new story and what Thabo did in the club that day and Kover said right away that if that was me at the club I would’ve been perfectly fine and I would’ve never got arrested or anything close to what happened to Thabo.  He was upset and also devastated because Thabo was more then a teammate to him and more than just a guy he works with. He says him and Thabo became “legitimate friends that year in our downtime”.  So this meant something to Kyle.

Civil right question

why social change movements fail (and why people persist in their ways even when they want change).

Some social movements fail due to the fact that somethings get shut down right away and the ideas of how fast someone in a position of power can stop something is incredible. Some of the start because of the social habits of friendship and the strong ties between close acquaintances. It can grow because of the habits of a community, and the weak ties that hold neighborhoods and clans together. It also endures because a movement’s leaders give participants new habits that create a fresh sense of identity and a feeling of ownership.  Most of them fail because they don’t have the same meanings and the type of stuff that was happening during Rosa Parks time. The only reason why this one worked was because the relationships she made everyone and the whole community knows that she would do anything for them and she needed them so they went to help her. So this ultimately the only one that’s successfully worked.

black vs white

Franco Abbatessa

 

How in the blackness project people would change the way they acted in order to not get shot or in trouble. This relates to Yoshino because Yoshino changed himself in order to be accepted in his society due to the fact that being gay in his society wasn’t welcomed. How the whiteness project they talked about what racism they’ve seen or even heard about and not witnessed first hand like the blackness project so how race plays into their lives is how white people have it easier then the black people is something they would agree on. These quotes are examples of how many people in the blackness project feel as though slavery in history continue to affect positions of power.  “For 200 years being told you’re not even a person maybe 2/3’s of a person and then your told well that the  tables are set against you. it’s never been a leveled playing field and that’s stupid too. Anyone who thinks the only way to get out is to put someone below me, that dismisses all of us but they. don’t know that yet.-AS.”Man slavery just damaged everything and everyone until the end of  life i feel like if anything is gonna change with the black culture god will have to come down and wipe this whole world clean and we would have to start over”.  We can see other examples of this in How professionals of color counter bias at work, for example “Mr. Denmark, who is married to Dr. Denmark, has been patted down at courthouses where white colleagues walked in without a search, he said. In his car, he hangs work badges from the rearview mirror so he will always have identification within reach.

“At times I have had to show my license to my own clients before they believed that I was the attorney working on their case,” he said. Another way of showing how in positions of power race plays a roll is how black people are treated by those in the powerful positions of jobs such as, ” Police brutality it doesn’t just happen in New York it happens all over the world as you can see once it went to social media and people had cameras and stuff we were able to see it and not just hear about it..” This helps support it because how now everyone can see the violence that the police use even when they don’t have to just because of the color of someone’s skin. As for the whiteness project people they talked about how nothing like that would happen to them and how police would treat them with respect unlike the black people.

 

“We look at young people today young black americans and we as older black americans say why don’t you understand the struggle. What happen what blanked it all out how could you not see how could you not have heard because it is not there struggle.”

 

” So when he does go to this job interview, when he goes to a certain event and he’s not picked for the color of his skin then he knows how to keep moving..”

 

” He’s up here and i’m down here so i obviously didn’t say anything because he’s been with the company for this many years and i’ve been with the company for this many years, i’m just a black women they’re not going to do anything about it so I said nothing.”

 

“Probably stereotypical thought as to why they  scared of black people from what they see from what they hear they don’t know you but they automatically assume you a certain way because of your color and your race or your neighborhood or where ever you grew up at.”

 

Race Essay

Franco Abbatessa

 

In the world there are people who have issues with people due to race and they show it in different ways. In order to show what they have problems with they asked people what there story is and why they think this way.   One way this is shown is in the whiteness videos we watched and stated how people felt and why.  A person who says this is Alfredo when he says “As a white person I have more freedom to kind of be who I am be who I am but with benefits from the system like college where it does benefit you to be Hispanic and be of the minority. They need that in their college or university. Which I think is a good thing.” Relating this to Yoshino he is basically saying that white people don’t need a false self and it benefits the whites because they can hide something without others knowing due to the fact that they have white skin. But the other look at it is that there are benefits to not being completely white.  Another way this is shown by Liam when he says that ” When you watch the white quarterbacks they’re always being described as so intelligent and I’ve played against white quarterbacks who are faster than 95% of the guys I’ve played against. i’ve also played against black quarterbacks who are smarter than 95% of the guys i’ve played against.”  This shows that even in the sports world there is racism. Liam is saying that white people are just assumed by others to be smarter and that the African Americans are known to be more athletic or assumed to be more athletic. But from the ending of the video he says that he’s played against white kids who are more athletic than everyone and African American kids who are smarter than everyone else on the field. From personal experiences I can say that I have witnessed this happen in sports before with a coach assuming that a kid that is darker than the other kid so the coach immediately assume he could jump higher than the other kid. It shows that sports have a big impact on racism in the world because if you look at the sports world you almost never see some positions that predominantly white in the sport of football. This relates to Yoshino because when he was being judged for being gay in his area and was scared to come out it’s like the same thing with trying to be a running back in the sport of football they won’t highly recruit you because coaches will assume that the black kid is more athletic and faster. It could create a sense of being scared of wanting to compete with other kids due to the stereotype. Even some coaches will take kids in order to raise the team gpa so that the team looks good on paper to incoming recruits so they’ll have some white kids so they can keep the gpa high.

 

Trump Questions

  • How do economics shape the feelings and thinking of the people Hochschild profiles, especially their feelings and thinking about race, immigration, welfare, and other political issues?

Economics plays a big part in the way people view and feel about race and immigration, welfare, and political issues due to the fact that they have more money they believe that they are more superior to other people because that they can buy there views. Along with spend the money in order to get what they want.

  • Do you recognize any elements of the “Deep Story of Personal Protectionism” in the Whiteness Project videos we’ve been analyzing? If so, describe and explain at least two of them, being sure to indicate who is saying what and how prevalent each element is in our spreadsheet. Are there any other “Deep Stories” at play in the Whiteness Project videos? If so, what would you call them?

The deep story of whiteness the one that relates to the deep stories is the one with the football players it relates to the article by stating that white players are known or always said to be more intelligent its like how the article said that white people are more intelligent then black.  Along with that more money you have the better off you are.

How does the gap between male lives at the top and male lives at the bottom relate to the idea (from “The Invention of Race”) that US slavery depended on a multi-class coalition of whiteness?

It relates to the invention of race in a way like the people have had to work harded if they have less money so the people at the bottom are kind of always looked down upon because they may not have had what others have. In the Invention of Race it says that people have had to work for what they want in life and so do the people at the bottom.

Bio Questions

What is cellular respiration?  Cellular respiration refers to the biochemical pathway by which cells release energy from the chemical bonds of food molecules and provide that energy for the essential processes of life.

 

How is cellular respiration related to what you measured in the cricket lab?

It is related because we measured the cellular respiration of crickets when we change the climates around them and see if it changes.

The end of race questions.

  1. The future of the academics is bright in there view because they have a lot of new systems in place for the kids along with all different cultures and mixed races causing the schooling to be more diverse and not like every other school. They have been basing these visions on the way that the kids are improving themselves with the way that they are challenging them.
  2.  The implications of ethnic thinking it causes you to think very one dimensional and not focus on the bigger picture they focus on one thing only and instead of being diverse about there views.
  3. why is it hard to answer the question “Exactly who is native Hawaiian?” It is so hard to answer the question due to how many different mixed families there are in Hawaii. In the reading on paragraph 40 they say that it couldn’t be found out due to the mix of Samoan or Filipino ancestors.
  4.  For race it has no basis the way that race stays around in this world is because of the people who hate other people just because of a trait or feature they have or even just they way they talk. Race is only thing due to arrogant who hate others that aren’t like him or aren’t what they like or what them to be the world is competition and everyone’s got to be better then someone so they create racism.